What is Homogenization?

  Homogenization is a unique method applied to fluid products with a heterogeneous or non-homogeneous composition. This process involves passing these substances through a narrow gap under intense pressure. The high-speed passage results in the micronization of the particles, expanding their surface area. As a result, a permanent homogeneity within the mixture is achieved. This scientific procedure is commonly known as “homogenization.” The specialized machine that facilitates this transformative process is referred to as a “homogenizer.”

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high pressure homogenizers

  Therefore, to physically prevent phase separation, it’s crucial to reduce particle sizes. The most effective method for achieving this reduction and preventing phase separation is the use of high-pressure homogenizers.

Understanding the Working Principle of a Homogenizer

  A homogenizer is a specialized machine that ensures fluid consistency by effectively reducing particle sizes. It achieves this through the application of cavitation, shear force, impact velocity, and turbulence effects under pressure. This process prevents phase separation, leading to a homogeneous mixture.

The key to preventing physical phase separation lies in reducing the particle size of the product. This action results in decreased surface tensions and consequently minimizes phase separation.

As per Stokes’ Law, the rate of phase separation is directly proportional to the square of the particle diameter. For instance, consider a fat globule with a particle diameter of 2R that takes ‘T’ time to separate. A fat globule with a particle diameter of ‘R’ will take four times that duration (4T) to separate.

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Homogenizer Working Principle

Homogenizer ensures that the fluids passing through it are made homogeneous by reducing their particle sizes with cavitation, shear force, impact velocity, and turbulence effect under pressure. In this way, phase separation is prevented.

To prevent phase separation physically, the particle size of the product should be reduced. Accordingly, surface tensions will decrease, and phase separation will be minimized.

According to Stokes’ Law, the phase separation rate is proportional to the square of the particle diameter. For example, if the time required for a fat globule with a particle diameter of 2R to separate is T, it will be 4T for a fat globule with a particle diameter R to separate.

As a result, particle sizes should be reduced if phase separation is desired to be prevented physically. The most effective way to reduce particle size and prevent phase separation is the use of high-pressure homogenizers.

Advantages of Using Homogenizers

  • Prevents sedimentation in fluid products
  • Brings the products to the desired viscosity values
  • Adds value by improving the properties of the products
  • Improves the taste and texture of drinks
  • Provides high-quality color characteristics
  • Makes the milk appear whiter
  • Facilitates digestion as it increases the surface area of food and beverages
  • Improves the consistency of creams and lotions
  • Decreases the need for additives

Hommak offers high-level customer satisfaction with its high-quality products specially designed according to customer needs. As a result of years of experience and R&D studies, HOMMAK manufactures homogenizers that can work with lower energy consumption with the necessary optimizations.

Homogenizing Valve

  • Unique homogenizing valve structures
  • Zirconium ceramic, silicon nitride ceramic, tungsten carbide, and cobalt carbide Materials

Frame

  • Unique homogenizing valve structures
  • Zirconium ceramic, silicon nitride ceramic, tungsten carbide, and cobalt carbide Materials

Gearbox

  • Resin reinforced nodular cast iron material
  • Vibrationless and high strength structure
  • Use of reducer in all homogenizers except L series

Suction and Delivery Check Valves

  • Unique mushroom and ball check valve structures
  • Production with cobalt carbide alloy and tungsten carbide alloy material
  • Check valve seat for double-sided use

Plungers

  • High strength special stainless steel and zirconium ceramic material
  • Surfaces appropriate for the usage area; chrome, cobalt carbide, tungsten carbide, and ceramic coating applications

Sealing Components

  • Use of hygienic felt in accordance with food standards
  • Longer working performance with lower RPM
  • Kevlar, PEEK, Zedex, TIVAR, POM, PE, FKM, PTFE materials

Compression Head

  • Hommak special MonoBlock and MultiBlock design
  • Reducing the surface for microorganism to attach, with nonblind-spot design
  • Surface Roughness: Ra <1.6μm, Ra <0.8μm, Ra <0.5μm (electropolished)
  • Usage of FEM stress analysis in design
  • Easy felt and check valve replacement
  • 10-year MonoBlock warranty against crackings

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